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Who Should You Sue If You’re Injured in a Baseball Game at Wrigley Field?


The crack of the bat, the roar of the crowd – attending a baseball game at Wrigley Field is an iconic Chicago experience. But inherent in the excitement comes a certain degree of risk. Foul balls are a constant threat, leaving fans vulnerable to injury.

If you find yourself, unfortunately, on the receiving end of a wayward baseball, navigating the legal landscape to seek compensation can be confusing. 

This article explores who you might consider suing after an injury at Wrigley Field. It specifically focuses on the legal concept of the “Baseball Rule” and its potential impact on your case, including the role of a qualified personal injury attorney in helping you get compensation for the injuries sustained during a baseball game.

The Baseball Rule and its Challenges

The “Baseball Rule” is a legal doctrine established in the early 20th century. It shields Major League Baseball teams from liability for injuries sustained by fans from foul balls. The rationale behind this rule is that attending a baseball game comes with an inherent risk of being struck by a foul ball, a risk that fans voluntarily assume by purchasing a ticket. This assumption of risk is often explicitly stated on the back of baseball tickets.

The Baseball Rule presents a significant hurdle for fans seeking compensation after a foul ball injury. However, it’s not an impossible one. There are exceptions where legal action against the Chicago Cubs, the team that owns Wrigley Field, might be possible.

Premises Liability Claims: Holding Wrigley Field Responsible

One potential avenue for pursuing compensation is through a premises liability claim. This legal principle holds property owners responsible for providing a reasonably safe environment for visitors. In the context of Wrigley Field, this translates to the Cubs having a duty to take reasonable steps to protect fans from foreseeable dangers.

To establish a successful premises liability claim, you’d need to demonstrate the following elements:

  • Duty of Care: The Cubs have a legal duty to provide a reasonably safe environment for fans attending the game.
  • Breach of Duty: The Cubs breached this duty by failing to take appropriate safety measures. This could involve inadequate netting behind certain seating areas, malfunctioning netting, or obstructed views due to structural features.
  • Causation: The Cubs’ breach of duty directly caused your injury. In simpler terms, if the proper safety measures were in place, you wouldn’t have been injured.
  • Damages: You suffered damages due to the injury, such as medical bills, lost wages, pain, and suffering.

Exceptions to the Baseball Rule: When the Inherent Risk Defense Falters

While the Baseball Rule offers protection to teams, there are situations where it might not apply. Here are some exceptions that could allow you to sue the Cubs despite being struck by a foul ball:

  • Negligent Security: If your injury resulted from something other than a foul ball, such as an unruly fan throwing an object or inadequate security leading to an assault, the Baseball Rule wouldn’t necessarily apply. In these cases, the Cubs could be held liable for failing to provide a secure environment.
  • Defective Stadium Conditions: The Baseball Rule is meant to protect teams from injuries inherent to the game itself. Suppose your injury stemmed from a defective condition within the stadium, such as a trip hazard on a cracked stairway or a malfunctioning escalator. In that case, you might have a case against the Cubs for neglecting proper maintenance.

Other Potential Parties to Sue

Depending on the specific circumstances of your injury, other parties besides the Cubs might be liable. For instance:

  • Security Company: If your injury arose from the negligence of the security company hired by Wrigley Field, such as a security guard pushing you and causing you to fall, you could potentially sue the security company.
  • Concession Stand: If you suffered food poisoning from a concession stand at Wrigley Field, you could file a lawsuit against the concessionaire for negligence in food handling.
  • Another Attendee: In rare cases, another attendee might be responsible for your injury. For example, if someone spills a drink on the stairs, causing you to slip and fall, you might be able to sue them for negligence.

The Importance of Consulting a Personal Injury Lawyer

Navigating the legal complexities surrounding injuries at Wrigley Field is best done with the help of an experienced personal injury lawyer. A lawyer can assess the specific details of your case, including the nature of your injury, the circumstances surrounding the incident, and the available evidence. They can then determine whether the Baseball Rule applies, identify potential exceptions, and advise you on the best course of action, including whether pursuing a lawsuit against the Cubs or another party is a viable option.

Furthermore, a lawyer can guide you through the legal process, which can be overwhelming for someone unfamiliar with the court system. They can handle negotiations with insurance companies, represent you in court if necessary, and strive to obtain the maximum compensation you deserve for your injuries.


Baseball games are a reflection of life, filled with moments of both joy and unexpected challenges. While the Baseball Rule can make seeking compensation for injuries complex, understanding the exceptions can empower you to navigate this situation.


Ultimately, attending a game at Wrigley Field should be about celebrating the spirit of the sport, not dwelling on potential legal battles.


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